Policy Strategies & Innovations Link copied!

Innovation Name Innovation Type Innovation Subtype Features at a Glance Strategy Summary
Maryland Apprenticeship and Training Program (MATP) - Child Care Development Specialist Workforce Apprenticeships

Part of Federal Registered Apprenticeship Program

In 2016, Kelly M. Schulz, Secretary of the Maryland Department of Labor, announced a $2 million award from the United States Department of Labor’s ApprenticeshipUSA Expansion Grant to invest in the state’s registered apprenticeship programming, which includes a Child Care Development Specialist apprenticeship. At the end of 2020, Governor Larry Hogan announced that the Maryland Department of Labor had received a $6,012,924 award from the U.S. Department of Labor for a State Apprenticeship Expansion Grant. These funds increased the scope of services offered to Registered Apprenticeship sponsors, employers, and apprentices. In 2021, the program received $3 million in funding for Maryland’s registered and youth apprenticeship programs. Registered apprenticeships allow employees to have a full-time job, learn through a combination of on-the-job training and classroom instruction, and earn a salary. The state’s youth apprenticeship program, Apprenticeship Maryland, is offered in 15 county school systems and 151 employers; it accepts high school juniors and seniors, providing them with a head start on their future career. While enrolled in this program, apprentices work a minimum of 450 hours with a certified employer while receiving high school credit.

Learn More: Maryland Department of Labor


Maryland Department of Labor. (2016). Maryland Awarded $2 Million for Apprenticeship Program.

Maryland Department of Labor. (2020). Governor’s Budget Provides $7.5 Million for EARN Maryland and a Record $3 Million for the State’s Apprenticeship Program.

Maryland Department of Labor (2020). Governor Hogan Announces Maryland Awarded Over $6 Million for Apprenticeship Program.

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Demographics Link copied!

State population

6,164,660 Source U.S. Census, 2022

Rural %

14.4% Source U.S. Census, 2020

Urban %

85.6% Source U.S. Census, 2020

Number of children age 0-4

354,588 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Poverty levels – children 0-8 below 200% poverty

30% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Median family income among households with children

$110,000.00 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Unemployment rate

4% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2022

Unemployment rate of parents

5% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Children under age 6 with all available parents in the labor force

71% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Children living in households with a high housing cost burden

31% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

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Child population by race and ethnicity Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

Race and Ethnicity

  • American Indian and Alaska Native (0.49%)
  • Asian (6%)
  • Black or African American (31%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (17%)
  • Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (0.49%)
  • Two or More Races (6%)
  • White, not Hispanic or Latino (40%)
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Source: Ballotpedia 2023

Early Childhood Education Programs Link copied!

Public pre-K program name

Maryland Prekindergaten Program Source: NIEER 2023

Universal or targeted pre-K policy

Targeted Pre-K Policy (3-and 4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

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Percent of 3-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023


  • 3-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (5%)
  • 3-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (6%)
  • Other/none (89%)
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Percent of 4-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023


  • 4-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (34%)
  • 4-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (3%)
  • Other/none (63%)
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Workforce Link copied!

2017–2019 Median Hourly Wages Source CSCCE 2018, 2020


  • Child care workers
  • Preschool teachers
  • Preschool or child care center directors
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Funding Sources Link copied!

Federal and State Early Childhood Education Funding (in millions) Source First Five Years Fund, 2022

Funding source

  • Head Start and Early Head Start Funding ($116.7)
  • CCDBG & Mandatory Funds ($126.1)
  • CCDBG State Match ($23.6)
  • CCDBG COVID Relief Allocations – CARES, CRRSE, ARPA (CCDF & Stabilization) ($676.6)
  • State-Funded Pre-K ($245.5)
  • MIECHV ($7.4)
  • IDEA Part C ($12.1)
  • IDEA Part B, Sec 619 ($10.4)
  • TANF Early Learning and Care Expenditures ($82.0)
  • Preschool Development Grant Birth through Five ($11.6)
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Funding acronyms: CCDBG: Child Care and Development Block Grant; CARES Act: Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act; CRRSE Act: Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations; ARPA: American Rescue Plan Act; CCDF: Child Care and Development Fund; MIECHV: Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program; IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; TANF: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

The COVID Funding Cliff

All federal COVID relief allocations, including funding authorized by the CARES, CRRSE, and ARPA bills, must be fully spent by September 2024. An analysis from the Century Foundation shows this loss of funds could cause more than 3 million children to lose access to child care nationwide – including nearly 70,000 children in Maryland.