Policy Strategies & Innovations Link copied!
|Innovation Name||Innovation Type||Innovation Subtype||Features at a Glance||Strategy Summary|
|Office of Great Start (OGS)||Infrastructure Systems||Administrative + Governance Models||
Nationally recognized pre-K program
In June of 2011, Governor Snyder signed Executive Order 2011-8 creatingthe Michigan Office of Great Start (OGS), within the Department of Education (MDE). The Office helps coordinate early education programs and funding streams for the state and oversees Michigan's publicly funded pre-K program, the Great Start Readiness Program (GSRP).
The OGS is part of the P–20 System and Student Transitions Division in the MDE. There are four offices within OGS that all report to the deputy superintendent of the division, including Early Childhood Development and Family Education; Preschool and Out-of-School Time Learning; Child Development and Care; and Head Start Collaboration.Learn more: Michigan Great Start Readiness Program
|Michigan Longitudinal Data System||Infrastructure Systems||Data Systems||
P-20 Longitudinal Data System
The Michigan Longitudinal Data System (MLDS), established in 2010 by the Michigan Advisory Council and the Center for Educational Performance and Information, is a P-20 longitudinal data systemthat includes enrollment data on all statewide early childhood programs and services (e.g., data ranging from Head Start to Child Care Subsidies), early childhood impact on K-3 absenteeism, and continuity of service in special education. This federated system (i.e., a sharing system that does not consolidate all data in one warehouse) links data through sharing agreements across multiple agencies, including the Executive Office of Education, Children’s Trust, the Department of Early Education and Care, and the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. The system provides demographic, program, and individual level data with unique identifier codes for agencies or approved data requests. A second system, MI School Data, uses MLDS information to provide demographic and program data for public use
MLDS was created under Executive Order No. 2010-15 and is supported by a federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) grant. MI School Data has also been supported by a 2006 grant in partnership with Minnesota and Wisconsin ($3,000,000) and a Workforce Data Quality Initiative grant.Learn More: Michigan Longitudinal Data System
Demographics Link copied!
10,034,113 Source U.S. Census, 2022
26.5% Source U.S. Census, 2020
73.5% Source U.S. Census, 2020
Number of children age 0-4
548,355 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Poverty levels – children 0-8 below 200% poverty
41% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Median family income among households with children
$79,700.00 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
4.3% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2022
Unemployment rate of parents
5% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Children under age 6 with all available parents in the labor force
65% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Children living in households with a high housing cost burden
25% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Child population by race and ethnicity Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Race and Ethnicity
- American Indian and Alaska Native (1%)
- Asian (3%)
- Black or African American (16%)
- Hispanic or Latino (9%)
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (0.49%)
- Two or More Races (5%)
- White, not Hispanic or Latino (66%)
Political Landscape Link copied!
Early Childhood Education Programs Link copied!
Percent of 3-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023
- 3-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (0%)
- 3-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (11%)
- Other/none (89%)
Percent of 4-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023
- 4-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (31%)
- 4-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (5%)
- Other/none (64%)
Workforce Link copied!
2017–2019 Median Hourly Wages Source CSCCE 2018, 2020
- Child care workers
- Preschool teachers
- Preschool or child care center directors
Funding Sources Link copied!
Federal and State Early Childhood Education Funding (in millions) Source First Five Years Fund, 2022
- Head Start and Early Head Start Funding ($368.4)
- CCDBG & Mandatory Funds ($244.2)
- CCDBG State Match ($20.3)
- CCDBG COVID Relief Allocations – CARES, CRRSE, ARPA (CCDF & Stabilization) ($1500.0)
- State-Funded Pre-K ($322.7)
- MIECHV ($7.5)
- IDEA Part C ($18.9)
- IDEA Part B, Sec 619 ($19.4)
- TANF Early Learning and Care Expenditures ($218.4)
- Preschool Development Grant Birth through Five ($17.4)
The COVID Funding Cliff
All federal COVID relief allocations, including funding authorized by the CARES, CRRSE, and ARPA bills, must be fully spent by September 2024. An analysis from the Century Foundation shows this loss of funds could cause more than 3 million children to lose access to child care nationwide – including more than 56,000 children in Michigan.