Policy Strategies & Innovations Link copied!
|Innovation Name||Innovation Type||Innovation Subtype||Features at a Glance||Strategy Summary|
|Mississippi Early Learning Collaborative Act||Expansion||Targeted Pre-K Policy (4-Year-Olds)||
Signed into law in 2023, HB 817 will raise the funding rate for early learning collaboratives (ELCs) to $2,500 per child for full-day programs and $1,250 per child for half-day programs. Previous rates were $2,150 for full-day programs and $1,250 for half-day programs.
Mississippi’s Early Learning Collaborative Act established state pre-K programs known as “Early Learning Collaboratives” or ELCs. Collaboratives are overseen by the Mississippi Department of Education, even though individual providers may have other oversight agencies.Learn More: Mississippi First
Sources: House Bill 817 (2023). Mississippi Legislature 2023 Regular Session
Demographics Link copied!
2,940,057 Source U.S. Census, 2022
53.7% Source U.S. Census, 2020
46.3% Source U.S. Census, 2020
Number of children age 0-4
176,891 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Poverty levels – children 0-8 below 200% poverty
51% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Median family income among households with children
$61,000.00 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
4% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2022
Unemployment rate of parents
4% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Children under age 6 with all available parents in the labor force
69% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Children living in households with a high housing cost burden
28% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Child population by race and ethnicity Source KIDS COUNT, 2021
Race and Ethnicity
- American Indian and Alaska Native (1%)
- Asian (1%)
- Black or African American (41%)
- Hispanic or Latino (5%)
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (.49%)
- Two or More Races (3%)
- White, not Hispanic or Latino (49%)
Political Landscape Link copied!
Early Childhood Education Programs Link copied!
Percent of 3-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023
- 3-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (0%)
- 3-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (24%)
- Other/none (76%)
Percent of 4-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023
- 4-year-old children enrolled in state-funded public pre-K (8%)
- 4-year-old children enrolled in Head Start (23%)
- Other/none (67%)
Workforce Link copied!
2017–2019 Median Hourly Wages Source CSCCE 2018, 2020
- Child care workers
- Preschool teachers
- Preschool or child care center directors
Funding Sources Link copied!
Federal and State Early Childhood Education Funding (in millions) Source First Five Years Fund, 2022
- Head Start and Early Head Start Funding ($212.3)
- CCDBG & Mandatory Funds ($96.9)
- CCDBG State Match ($3.0)
- CCDBG COVID Relief Allocations – CARES, CRRSE, ARPA (CCDF & Stabilization) ($699.1)
- State-Funded Pre-K ($7.7)
- MIECHV ($3.0)
- IDEA Part C ($6.1)
- IDEA Part B, Sec 619 ($6.5)
- TANF Early Learning and Care Expenditures ($1.7)
The COVID Funding Cliff
All federal COVID relief allocations, including funding authorized by the CARES, CRRSE, and ARPA bills, must be fully spent by September 2024. An analysis from the Century Foundation shows this loss of funds could cause more than 3 million children to lose access to child care nationwide – including nearly 30,000 children in Mississippi.