North Dakota

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Strategy Name Strategy Type(s) Year Funding Amount Funding Source Features at a Glance
ND Department of Health and Human Services’ Early Childhood Section
In 2021, North Dakota enacted HB 1416, which merges offices and programs encompassing child care, preschool and pre-K, home visiting, early intervention and professional development into the Department of Health and Human Services’ Early Childhood Section. According to Kagan and Gomez (2015) consolidating early childhood programs under one agency can decrease duplication of services. Learn More: North Dakota Early Childhood Services Source:North Dakota Department of Human Services (2021). Introducing the New Early Childhood Division.  North Dakota Legislative Assembly (2021). HB 1416. Summaries of Fiscal Year 2023 Enacted Budgets Bipartisan Policy Center (2023). Integrated Efficient Early Care and Education Systems Kagan, L. and Gomez, R. (Eds.). (2015) Early Childhood Governance: Choices and Consequences. Teachers College Press.
  • Infrastructure to Support Early Childhood Systems
    • Data Systems
    2021
    Department of Health and Human Services appropriation
    Merged programs into the Department of Health and Human Services’ Early Childhood Section
    In 2021, North Dakota enacted HB 1416, which merges offices and programs encompassing child care, preschool and pre-K, home visiting, early intervention and professional development into the Department of Health and Human Services’ Early Childhood Section. According to Kagan and Gomez (2015) consolidating early childhood programs under one agency can decrease duplication of services. Learn More: North Dakota Early Childhood Services Source:North Dakota Department of Human Services (2021). Introducing the New Early Childhood Division.  North Dakota Legislative Assembly (2021). HB 1416. Summaries of Fiscal Year 2023 Enacted Budgets Bipartisan Policy Center (2023). Integrated Efficient Early Care and Education Systems Kagan, L. and Gomez, R. (Eds.). (2015) Early Childhood Governance: Choices and Consequences. Teachers College Press.
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    Demographics Link copied!

    Demographics Data Scorecard

    State population

    779,261 Source U.S. Census, 2022

    Rural %

    39.0% Source U.S. Census, 2020

    Urban %

    61.0% Source U.S. Census, 2020

    Number of children 0–4

    51,390 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Poverty levels - children 0—8 below 200% poverty

    29% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Median family income among households with children

    $91,800.00 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Unemployment rate

    2.3% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2022

    Unemployment rate of parents

    3% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Children under age 6 with all available parents in the labor force

    N/A, for most states between 65%-75% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Children living in households with a high housing cost burden

    20% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Child Population by Race and Ethnicity Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

    Race and Ethnicity

    • American Indian and Alaska Native (8%)
    • Asian (2%)
    • Black or African American (4%)
    • Hispanic or Latino (8%)
    • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (.5%)
    • Two or more races (4%)
    • White, not Hispanic or Latino (75%)
    Year 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019
    Governor R R R R R
    State House R R R R R
    State Senate R R R R R

    Early Childhood Education Programs Link copied!

    Early Childhood Education Programs Source: NIEER 2023

    Public Pre-K Program Name

    Best-In-Class Preschool Program Source: NIEER 2023

    Universal or Targeted Pre-K Policy

    Targeted Pre-K Policy (4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

    Early Childhood Education Programs (3-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

    Programs

    • 3-Year-old Children Enrolled in Head Start (9%)
    • Other/None (99%)

    Early Childhood Education Programs (4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

    Programs

    • Percent of 4-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs (3%)
    • 4-Year-old Children Enrolled in Head Start (11%)
    • Other/None (86%)

    Workforce Link copied!

    2017–2019 Median Hourly Wages Source CSCCE 2018, 2020

    Role

    • Child Care Workers
      $11.05 (2017, adjusted)
      $11.44 (2019)
    • Preschool Teachers
      $14.20 (2017, adjusted)
      $12.75 (2019)
    • Preschool or Child Care Center Directors
      $19.83 (2017, adjusted)
      $19.48 (2019)

    Funding Sources Link copied!

    Federal and State Early Childhood Education Funding (in Millions) Source First Five Years Fund, 2022

    Funding Source

    • Head Start and Early Head Start Funding ($36.4)
    • CCDBG & Mandatory Funds ($17.7)
    • CCDBG State Match ($3)
    • CCDBG COVID Relief Allocations - CARES, CRRSE, ARPA (CCDF & Stabilization) ($101.2)
    • State-Funded Pre-K ($0.6)
    • MIECHV ($1)
    • IDEA Part C ($3.6)
    • IDEA Part B, Sec 619 ($1.3)
    • TANF Early Learning and Care ($1.2)