Oregon

Related City: Portland

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Strategy Name Strategy Type(s) Year Funding Amount Funding Source Features at a Glance
Personal Income Tax for Universal Pre-K
Multnomah County’s Preschool for All (PFA) initiative is funded by a personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County. This includes a 1.5% tax on income over $200,000 for joint filers ($125,000 for single filers) and another 1.5% on income over $400,000 for joint filers ($250,000 for single filers).  In 2023, the tax generated $152 million in revenue, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  Sources: Oregon Public Broadcasting Multnomah County Department of County Human Services
  • Dedicated Funding Streams & Financing
    • Taxes
    2020
    Personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County that funds Preschool for All initiative
    Multnomah County’s Preschool for All (PFA) initiative is funded by a personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County. This includes a 1.5% tax on income over $200,000 for joint filers ($125,000 for single filers) and another 1.5% on income over $400,000 for joint filers ($250,000 for single filers).  In 2023, the tax generated $152 million in revenue, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  Sources: Oregon Public Broadcasting Multnomah County Department of County Human Services
    Multnomah County Preschool for All
    In November 2020, voters in Multnomah County approved Measure 26-214, or Preschool for All (PFA), which extends free preschool to three- and four-year-olds across the county. Sixty-four percent of voters supported the measure, which was championed by Multnomah County Chair Jessica Vega Pederson.  PFA is funded by a personal income tax, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  To participate, children must be three or four years old by September 1 and have a parent or legal guardian living in Multnomah County. The number of PFA seats will grow over time, increasing the number of providers and families, until the system is universally available in 2030. This program has no expiration date.  Sources: Oregon Public Broadcasting Multnomah County Department of County Human Services Willamette Week
    • Expansion
      • Public Pre-K
        • Universal Pre-K Policy (3-Year-Olds)
          • Universal Pre-K Policy (4-Year-Olds)
        2020 $152 million in 2023
        County will expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).
        In November 2020, voters in Multnomah County approved Measure 26-214, or Preschool for All (PFA), which extends free preschool to three- and four-year-olds across the county. Sixty-four percent of voters supported the measure, which was championed by Multnomah County Chair Jessica Vega Pederson.  PFA is funded by a personal income tax, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  To participate, children must be three or four years old by September 1 and have a parent or legal guardian living in Multnomah County. The number of PFA seats will grow over time, increasing the number of providers and families, until the system is universally available in 2030. This program has no expiration date.  Sources: Oregon Public Broadcasting Multnomah County Department of County Human Services Willamette Week
        Portland Children’s Levy
        In 2002, voters first approved a levy to support early childhood education through property taxes. It was renewed in 2008 with the approval of 72 percent of voters, in 2013 with 74 percent, and in 2018 with 83 percent. The levy requests $0.4026 per $1,000 of assessed property value, generating approximately $27 million annually. Funds from the levy support citywide early childhood, after-school, mentoring, child abuse prevention/intervention, foster care, and hunger relief programs. In the 2021-22 grant cycle, the Children’s Levy devoted 27% of its funds, or $7.4 million,  to early learning – its largest concentration of investment by far. Learn More: Portland Children's Levy Sources: https://lwvpdx.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/Childrens-Levy-Measure-26-240-.pdf https://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/2023/04/editorial-endorsement-may-2023-voters-should-renew-portland-childrens-levy-and-seek-investment-shift.html
        • Dedicated Funding Streams & Financing
          • Taxes
            • Property Tax
          2002 $7.4 million
          City Dedicated Funding Stream
          A property tax levy that, along with state matching funds, will provide child and family support services.
          In 2002, voters first approved a levy to support early childhood education through property taxes. It was renewed in 2008 with the approval of 72 percent of voters, in 2013 with 74 percent, and in 2018 with 83 percent. The levy requests $0.4026 per $1,000 of assessed property value, generating approximately $27 million annually. Funds from the levy support citywide early childhood, after-school, mentoring, child abuse prevention/intervention, foster care, and hunger relief programs. In the 2021-22 grant cycle, the Children’s Levy devoted 27% of its funds, or $7.4 million,  to early learning – its largest concentration of investment by far. Learn More: Portland Children's Levy Sources: https://lwvpdx.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/04/Childrens-Levy-Measure-26-240-.pdf https://www.oregonlive.com/opinion/2023/04/editorial-endorsement-may-2023-voters-should-renew-portland-childrens-levy-and-seek-investment-shift.html
          Oregon Department of Early Learning and Care (DELC)
          In 2021, the Oregon Legislature passed HB 3073, which created the Department of Early Learning and Care (DELC). DELC was established on July 1, 2023. This agency combined the state's early education programs under one roof by moving the Employment Related Day Care program (ERDC), which was housed in the Oregon Department of Human Services (OHDS), to DELC. According to the DELC, this change will allow more efficient child care searching for families, will offer more training sessions for license-exempt providers, and will expand the types of providers and programs under the agency while prioritizing mixed-delivery of early care and education. The creation of a new department will not automatically create better outcomes for children, but it can help provide the structure and coordination needed to improve early education quality and accessibility across a state or city (Kagan & Gomez, 2015). Learn More: Oregon Early Learning Division Sources:Department of Early Learning and Care - Oregon Early Learning Division HB3073 2021 Regular Session - Oregon Legislative Information System Oregon Early Learning Division Infographic (2022)Kagan, L. and Gomez, R. (Eds.). (2015) Early Childhood Governance: Choices and Consequences. Teachers College Press.
          • Infrastructure to Support Early Childhood Systems
            • Administrative + Governance Models
            2021
            • CCDBG Non-COVID Funds
            • State General Fund
            Created a new department of early childhood
            In 2021, the Oregon Legislature passed HB 3073, which created the Department of Early Learning and Care (DELC). DELC was established on July 1, 2023. This agency combined the state's early education programs under one roof by moving the Employment Related Day Care program (ERDC), which was housed in the Oregon Department of Human Services (OHDS), to DELC. According to the DELC, this change will allow more efficient child care searching for families, will offer more training sessions for license-exempt providers, and will expand the types of providers and programs under the agency while prioritizing mixed-delivery of early care and education. The creation of a new department will not automatically create better outcomes for children, but it can help provide the structure and coordination needed to improve early education quality and accessibility across a state or city (Kagan & Gomez, 2015). Learn More: Oregon Early Learning Division Sources:Department of Early Learning and Care - Oregon Early Learning Division HB3073 2021 Regular Session - Oregon Legislative Information System Oregon Early Learning Division Infographic (2022)Kagan, L. and Gomez, R. (Eds.). (2015) Early Childhood Governance: Choices and Consequences. Teachers College Press.
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            Demographics Link copied!

            Demographics Data Scorecard

            State population

            4,240,147 Source U.S. Census, 2022

            Rural %

            19.5% Source U.S. Census, 2020

            Urban %

            80.5% Source U.S. Census, 2020

            Number of children 0–4

            212,784 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Poverty levels - children 0—8 below 200% poverty

            36% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Median family income among households with children

            $86,600.00 Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Unemployment rate

            4.5% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2022

            Unemployment rate of parents

            4% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Children under age 6 with all available parents in the labor force

            65% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Children living in households with a high housing cost burden

            31% Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Child Population by Race and Ethnicity Source KIDS COUNT, 2021

            Race and Ethnicity

            • American Indian and Alaska Native (1%)
            • Asian (4%)
            • Black or African American (2%)
            • Hispanic or Latino (23%)
            • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (1%)
            • Two or more races (7%)
            • White, not Hispanic or Latino (62%)
            Year 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019
            Governor D D D D D
            State House D D D D D
            State Senate D D D D D

            Early Childhood Education Programs Link copied!

            Early Childhood Education Programs

            Public Pre-K Program Name

            Oregon Pre-Kindergarten (OPK) Source: NIEER 2023

            Public Pre-K Program Name

            Preschool Promise Source: NIEER 2023

            Universal or Targeted Pre-K Policy

            Targeted Pre-K Policy (3- and 4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

            Universal or Targeted Pre-K Policy

            Targeted Pre-K Policy (3- and 4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

            Early Childhood Education Programs (3-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

            Programs

            • Percent of 3-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs (9%)
            • 3-Year-old Children Enrolled in Head Start (7%)
            • Other/None (84%)

            Early Childhood Education Programs (4-Year-Olds) Source: NIEER 2023

            Programs

            • Percent of 4-Year-Old Children Enrolled in Public Early Childhood Education Programs (13%)
            • 4-Year-old Children Enrolled in Head Start (7%)
            • Other/None (80%)

            Workforce Link copied!

            2017–2019 Median Hourly Wages Source CSCCE 2018, 2020

            Role

            • Child Care Workers
              $11.98 (2017, adjusted)
              $12.46 (2019)
            • Preschool Teachers
              $14.33 (2017, adjusted)
              $14.40 (2019)
            • Preschool or Child Care Center Directors
              $23.14 (2017, adjusted)
              $19.91 (2019)

            Funding Sources Link copied!

            Federal and State Early Childhood Education Funding (in Millions) Source First Five Years Fund, 2022

            Funding Source

            • Head Start and Early Head Start Funding ($111.4)
            • CCDBG & Mandatory Funds ($97.4)
            • CCDBG State Match ($9.6)
            • CCDBG COVID Relief Allocations - CARES, CRRSE, ARPA (CCDF & Stabilization) ($546.6)
            • State-Funded Pre-K ($148.7)
            • MIECHV ($8.2)
            • IDEA Part C ($7.5)
            • IDEA Part B, Sec 619 ($6.1)
            • TANF Early Learning and Care ($22.7)
            • Preschool Development Grant Birth ($11.6)