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Strategy Name Strategy Type(s) Year Funding Amount Funding Source Features at a Glance
Multnomah County Preschool for All
In November 2020, voters in Multnomah County approved Measure 26-214, or Preschool for All (PFA), which extends free preschool to three- and four-year-olds across the county. Sixty-four percent of voters supported the measure, which was championed by Multnomah County Chair Jessica Vega Pederson.  PFA is funded by a personal income tax, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  To participate, children must be three or four years old by September 1 and have a parent or legal guardian living in Multnomah County. The number of PFA seats will grow over time, increasing the number of providers and families, until the system is universally available in 2030. This program has no expiration date.  Sources: Frost, A. (2023). Parents and providers highlight successes of Preschool for All. Oregon Public Broadcasting. Multnomah County Department of County Human Services. (n.d.). Questions & Answers. Peel, S. (2023). Multnomah County’s Big Plans to Fund Universal Preschool Have So Far Produced Pint-Sized Results. Willamette Week.
  • Expansion
    • Public Pre-K
      • Universal Pre-K Policy (3-Year-Olds)
        • Universal Pre-K Policy (4-Year-Olds)
      2020 $152 million in 2023
      County will expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).
      In November 2020, voters in Multnomah County approved Measure 26-214, or Preschool for All (PFA), which extends free preschool to three- and four-year-olds across the county. Sixty-four percent of voters supported the measure, which was championed by Multnomah County Chair Jessica Vega Pederson.  PFA is funded by a personal income tax, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  To participate, children must be three or four years old by September 1 and have a parent or legal guardian living in Multnomah County. The number of PFA seats will grow over time, increasing the number of providers and families, until the system is universally available in 2030. This program has no expiration date.  Sources: Frost, A. (2023). Parents and providers highlight successes of Preschool for All. Oregon Public Broadcasting. Multnomah County Department of County Human Services. (n.d.). Questions & Answers. Peel, S. (2023). Multnomah County’s Big Plans to Fund Universal Preschool Have So Far Produced Pint-Sized Results. Willamette Week.
      Personal Income Tax for Universal Pre-K
      Multnomah County’s Preschool for All (PFA) initiative is funded by a personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County. This includes a 1.5% tax on income over $200,000 for joint filers ($125,000 for single filers) and another 1.5% on income over $400,000 for joint filers ($250,000 for single filers).  In 2023, the tax generated $152 million in revenue, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  Sources: Frost, A. (2023). Parents and providers highlight successes of Preschool for All. Oregon Public Broadcasting. Multnomah County Department of County Human Services. (n.d.). Questions & Answers.
      • Dedicated Funding Streams & Financing
        • Taxes
        2020
        Personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County that funds Preschool for All initiative
        Multnomah County’s Preschool for All (PFA) initiative is funded by a personal income tax on high-income earners who live or work in Multnomah County. This includes a 1.5% tax on income over $200,000 for joint filers ($125,000 for single filers) and another 1.5% on income over $400,000 for joint filers ($250,000 for single filers).  In 2023, the tax generated $152 million in revenue, which the county plans to use to expand the early childhood education system by 12,000 publicly funded preschool slots by 2030. Specifically, the county will create new preschool classrooms, subsidize existing ones, and offer teachers higher pay (from $19.91 to $37 per hour).  Sources: Frost, A. (2023). Parents and providers highlight successes of Preschool for All. Oregon Public Broadcasting. Multnomah County Department of County Human Services. (n.d.). Questions & Answers.
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        Demographics Link copied!

        County population

        789,698 Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2023

        Rural %

        1.28% Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2020

        Urban %

        98.72% Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2020

        Number of children age 0-4

        4.50% Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2023

        Children under 18 in families below poverty line

        13% Source Census Reporter, 2022

        Median household income

        $79,909 Source Census Reporter, 2022

        Unemployment rate

        4.60% Source U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, February 2024